Small-scale pilot Barcelona - Electric Scooter Sharing
Barcelona council has a clear strategy for the electrification of the private mobility, which is stated in several actions in the energy plan (PECQ), air quality plan (PMQAB) and mobility plan (PMU) of Barcelona. Additionally, Barcelona is strongly promoting the sharing systems (bike, ebike, scooters and cars), which can increase the sustainability of the city, decrease emissions, encourage physical mobility, and support community.
Live, is a public-private platform with the aim of promoting electro mobility through sharing the development of projects, political strategies, new business models and knowledge.
Several European and local projects, as SmartCEM, Molecules or Ele.C.Tra (in which BCNecologia contributed), are promoting electro mobility; of which some were aimed at specifically implementing electric scooter sharing systems.
Currently in Barcelona there are three e-scooters companies working and giving service to tourist and citizens alike.
One of the main problems of electric scooter systems is battery charging; as most of the systems are based on free flow motorbikes (you can leave the scooter anywhere, but not necessarily at a charging station). Hence the operator has to replace the battery of all the scooters at the end of the work day. This imposes a significant energy and monetary expenditure for the operator, as they need a specially trained employee for the battery replacement, with addition of a maintenance vehicle and a battery charging site. Battery lifetime is also reduced from constant overcharging and over discharging throughout the daily operation cycle.
The operation of electric sharing systems can be optimized by a smarter charging strategy, by incorporating an incentive program that encourages riders to adequately charge scooters at stations. Incentives such as discounted services with scooter use, as well as other discounts through other municipality services, may motivate the consumer to properly utilize and charge the scooters. The charging management considers other factors, such as the level of the battery charge, or the price of electricity when charging in order to maximize the benefits for the operator and the user.
The scooters implemented in Barcelona already incorporate a dashboard which provides a dynamic information system for the users/ riders. Explain in more detail the dynamic information system.